Recombinant Human I-TAC is a single non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 73 amino acids.
Background: I-TAC/CXCL11 cDNA encodes a 94 amino acid (aa) residue precursor protein with a 21 aa residue putative signal sequence, which is cleaved to form the mature 73 aa residue protein. CXCL11 shares 36% and 37% amino acid sequence homology with IP-10 and MIG (two other known human non-ELR CXC chemokines), respectively. CXCL11 is expressed at low levels in normal tissues including thymus, spleen and pancreas. The expression of CXCL11 mRNA is radically up regulated in IFN-γ and IL-1 stimulated astrocytes. Moderate increase in expression is also observed in stimulated monocytes. CXCL11 has potent chemoattractant activity for IL-2 activated T cells and transfected cell lines expressing CXCR3, but not freshly isolated T-cells, neutrophils or monocytes.
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