Recombinant Human MICB is a single non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 287 amino acids.
Background: MIC-B (MHC class I chain-related gene B) is a single-pass type I member protein. It is widely expressed in many, but not all, epithelial tumors of lung, breast, kidney, ovary, prostate and colon. In addition to this, it is produced by hepatocellular carcinomas, which is only in tumor cells but not in surrounding non-cancerous tissue and can be induced by bacterial and viral infections. MIC-B shares 85% amino acid identity with MIC-A and they are distantly related to the MHC class I proteins. Because they possess three extracellular Ig-like domains, but unlike classical MHC class I molecules, they do not form a heterodimer with beta2 microglobulin, but bind as a monomer to a KLRK1/NKG2D that is an activating receptor expressed on NK cells, NKT cells, γδ T cells, and CD8+ αβ T cells. Recognition of MIC-B by NKG2D results in the activation of cytolytic activity and/or cytokine production by these effector cells. MIC-B recognition plays an important role in tumor surveillance, viral infections, and autoimmune diseases.