Recombinant Human Serpin F1/PEDF is a single non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 399 amino acids.
Background: Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is encoded by the SERPINF1 gene in humans and is found in verebrates. It is a secreted phosphoglycoprotein that belongs to the clade F subfamily, serpin superfamily of proteinase inhibitors. The PEDF is a noninhibitory serpin with neurotrophic, anti-angiogenic, and anti-tumorigenic properties. It is synthesized as a 418 a.a. approximately 50 kDa precursor that contains a 19 a.a. signal sequence and a 399 a.a. mature region that shows a pyroglutamate at Gln20. Like other serpins, it contains three β-sheets, 810 α-helices, and a C-terminal RCL (reactive center loop). Unlike other serpins with Ser protease inhibiting activity, PEDF induces extensive neuronal differentiation in retinoblastoma cells, inhibiting angiogenesis. As it does not undergo the S (stressed) to R (relaxed) conformational transition characteristic of active serpins, it exhibits no serine protease inhibitory activity. PEDF is researched as a therapeutic candidate for treatment of such conditions as choroidal neovascularization, heart disease, and cancer.
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