Recombinant Rat CXCL1/GRO alpha/KC is a single, non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 72 amino acids.
Background: Rat CXCL1, also known as CINC-1, belongs to the CXC chemokine family. It is encoded by the GRO gene now designated CXCL1. It was originally purified from media conditioned by IL-1β stimulated rat kidney epithelioid cells. CINC-1 is member of the intercrine alpha (chemokine C-X-C) subfamily of chemokines. CXCL1 is secreted by human melanoma cells, and also expressed by macrophages, neutrophils and epithelial cells. The functional receptor for CXCL1 has been identified as CXCR2. CXCL1 has chemotactic activity for neutrophils, and plays a role in inflammation and wound healing. Amino acid sequence of rat CXCL1 is approximately 68 % identical to the human CXCL1.
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